第四单元 Text A
1. Vicky didn't know how to cope with rejection or failure because everything had always gone so well for her.
2. She now realizes she was simply not suited for that job, and has another in which she is happy and successful.
3. Two-valued orientation makes us see success and failure as the only two possibilities.
4. That “success” in one area is frequently accompanied by failure in another.
5. Success that s too early can mean a person lacks preparation for other things in life; success that comes too easily can mean the person will not know how to deal with real challenges; and success that's achieved at the cost of the total quality of an experience can be a barrier to enjoying life fully and to trying anything new.
6. Lowering standards, shifting blame, offering a consolation prize and saying “it doesn't matter” are “failure prevention devices” that leave the child unequipped for life in the real world.
7. She learned something from her failure that's been valuable to her in her life ever since.
8. Success encourages repetition of old behavior, whereas failure can motivate us to try something different.
9. “Noble failure” is when a person aims high, tries their best, fails and moves bravely on.
10. Emerson means that fear of failure is a barrier to progress and achievement. You might say it this way: experiencing failure can make a person more confident and effective, because once s/he loses her/his fear of failure s/he can concentrate on achieving her/his aims.
1. afford 2. preclude 3. emphasis 4. prone 5. applied
6. distinguished 7. obsessed 8. alike 9. enquire 10. impulse
11. practically 12. prompted
1. We put in a request for a little extra time to finish the project, but the board turned us (or it) down.
2. The politician enjoyed a successful career at the cost of his relationship with his family.
3. The author is of the opinion that early success may eventually prove harmful to a person s all -round development in the long run.
4. I took your umbrella by accident—I m sorry.
5. The bookshop was on the brink of failure until they branched out into CDs and cassettes.
6. With this out-of-date equipment, you can t count on good results.
7. Students sometimes get in the habit of disrupting classes with annoying comments. In such cases, teachers are advised to send to the school psychologist.
8. Ever since she started her own business, she s been much more satisfied with her life.
A. a. departure b. exposure c. pleasure d. pressure e. composure f. enclosure
g. displeasure h. disclosure
B. 1. exposure 2. displeasure (or pleasure, if someone thinks that s funny!)