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Chapter 3 From Morpheme to Phrase语言学

Chapter 3 From Morpheme to Phrase

I. Choose the best answer.

1. Nouns, verbs and adjectives can be classified as __________.

A. lexical words B. grammatical words

C. function words D. form words

2. Morphemes that represent tense, number, gender and case are called __________ morpheme.

A. inflectional B. free C. bound D. derivational

3. There are __________ morphemes in the word denationalization.

A. three B. four C. five D. six

4. In English –ise and –tion are called __________.

A. prefixes B. suffixes C. infixes D. stems

5. The three subtypes of affixes are: prefix, suffix and __________.

A. derivational affix B. inflectional affix C. infix D. back-formation

6. __________ is a way in which new words may be formed from already existing words by subtracting an affix which is thought to be part of the old word.

A. affixation B. back-formation C. insertion D. addition

7. The word TB is formed in the way of __________.

A. acronymy B. clipping C. initialism D. blending

8. The words like comsat and sitcom are formed by __________.

A. blending B. clipping C. back-formation D. acronymy

9. The stem of disagreements is __________.

A. agreement B. agree C. disagree D. disagreement

10. All of them are meaningful except for __________.

A. lexeme B. phoneme C. morpheme D. allomorph

II. Decide whether the following statements are true or false.

11. Phonetically, the stress of a compound always falls on the first element, while the second element receives secondary stress.

12. Fore as in foretell is both a prefix and a bound morpheme.

13. Base refers to the part of the word that remains when all inflectional affixes are removed.

14. In most cases, prefixes change the meaning of the base whereas suffixes change the word-class of the base.

15. Conversion from noun to verb is the most productive process of a word.

16. Reduplicative compound is formed by repeating the same morpheme of a word.

17. The words whimper, whisper and whistle are formed in the way of onomatopoeia.

18. In most cases, the number of syllables of a word corresponds to the number of morphemes.

19. Back-formation is a productive way of word-formations.

20. Inflection is a particular way of word-formations.

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